Tuesday, September 2, 2008

Maths History - Etymology

  • The word "mathematics" (Greek: μαθηματικά or mathēmatiká)
    comes from the Greek μάθημα (máthēma),
  • which means learning, study, science, and additionally came to have the narrower and
  • more technical meaning "mathematical study", even in Classical times.
  • Its adjective is μαθηματικός (mathēmatikós), related to learning, or studious, which likewise further came to mean mathematical.
  • In particular, μαθηματικὴτέχνη (mathēmatikḗ tékhnē), in Latin ars mathematica, meant the mathematical art.
  • The apparent plural form in English, like the French plural form les mathématiques (and
    the less commonly used singular derivative la mathématique), goes back
    to the Latin neuter plural mathematica (Cicero), based on the Greek plural τα
    μαθηματικά (ta mathēmatiká), used by Aristotle, and meaning roughly "all things
    mathematical".
  • In English, however, the noun mathematics takes
    singular verb forms.
  • It is often shortened to math in English-speaking
    North America and maths elsewhere.


7 comments:

Puranjai said...

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SALONI said...

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anuj said...

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nikita said...

god there is no useful information.................for the topic.................need more information.................

Preethi .E.S. said...

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